A single-spike model of predictive coding

Abstract The standard cortical model assumes that the meaning of a neuron's signal is contained in its firing rate. While that model has been used to interpret a voluminous amount of experimental data, it does not address the question of timing, or how recipient neurons can decode this signal in time to predict behavioral results. We propose a model based on coincident firing of large groups of neurons. We show using an example of predictive coding, how the cortex can support vast amounts of non-interfering parallel computation.

[1]  R. E. Kalman,et al.  A New Approach to Linear Filtering and Prediction Problems , 2002 .

[2]  G. G. Stokes "J." , 1890, The New Yale Book of Quotations.

[3]  D C Van Essen,et al.  Neural activity in areas V1, V2 and V4 during free viewing of natural scenes compared to controlled viewing. , 1998, Neuroreport.

[4]  D. J. Felleman,et al.  Distributed hierarchical processing in the primate cerebral cortex. , 1991, Cerebral cortex.

[5]  George L. Gerstein,et al.  Feature-linked synchronization of thalamic relay cell firing induced by feedback from the visual cortex , 1994, Nature.

[6]  P. Schiller,et al.  Effect of cooling area 18 on striate cortex cells in the squirrel monkey. , 1982, Journal of neurophysiology.

[7]  David J. Field,et al.  Sparse coding with an overcomplete basis set: A strategy employed by V1? , 1997, Vision Research.

[8]  P. Goldman-Rakic,et al.  Preface: Cerebral Cortex Has Come of Age , 1991 .

[9]  N. Logothetis,et al.  Neurophysiological investigation of the basis of the fMRI signal , 2001, Nature.

[10]  T. Sejnowski,et al.  Reliability of spike timing in neocortical neurons. , 1995, Science.

[11]  E. Vaadia,et al.  Spatiotemporal structure of cortical activity: properties and behavioral relevance. , 1998, Journal of neurophysiology.


[13]  M. Weliky,et al.  Correlational structure of spontaneous neuronal activity in the developing lateral geniculate nucleus in vivo. , 1999, Science.

[14]  Joel L. Davis,et al.  Large-Scale Neuronal Theories of the Brain , 1994 .

[15]  P. C. Murphy,et al.  Corticofugal feedback influences the generation of length tuning in the visual pathway , 1987, Nature.

[16]  Rajesh P. N. Rao,et al.  Predictive coding in the visual cortex: a functional interpretation of some extra-classical receptive-field effects. , 1999 .

[17]  Rajesh P. N. Rao,et al.  Dynamic Model of Visual Recognition Predicts Neural Response Properties in the Visual Cortex , 1997, Neural Computation.

[18]  John G. Daugman,et al.  Complete discrete 2-D Gabor transforms by neural networks for image analysis and compression , 1988, IEEE Trans. Acoust. Speech Signal Process..

[19]  N. P. Bichot,et al.  Dissociation of visual discrimination from saccade programming in macaque frontal eye field. , 1997, Journal of neurophysiology.

[20]  S. Zucker,et al.  Endstopped neurons in the visual cortex as a substrate for calculating curvature , 1987, Nature.

[21]  D. Tank,et al.  Action potentials reliably invade axonal arbors of rat neocortical neurons. , 2000, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America.

[22]  N E Manos,et al.  Stochastic Models , 1960, Encyclopedia of Social Network Analysis and Mining. 2nd Ed..

[23]  B. Richmond,et al.  Latency: another potential code for feature binding in striate cortex. , 1996, Journal of neurophysiology.

[24]  M. Mignard,et al.  Paths of information flow through visual cortex. , 1991, Science.

[25]  O. Bertrand,et al.  Oscillatory gamma activity in humans and its role in object representation , 1999, Trends in Cognitive Sciences.

[26]  M. Meister Multineuronal codes in retinal signaling. , 1996, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America.

[27]  R. Reid,et al.  Paired-spike interactions and synaptic efficacy of retinal inputs to the thalamus , 1998, Nature.

[28]  W. Newsome,et al.  The Variable Discharge of Cortical Neurons: Implications for Connectivity, Computation, and Information Coding , 1998, The Journal of Neuroscience.

[29]  W. Singer,et al.  Synchronization of Visual Responses between the Cortex, Lateral Geniculate Nucleus, and Retina in the Anesthetized Cat , 1998, The Journal of Neuroscience.

[30]  Kevan A. C. Martin,et al.  A Canonical Microcircuit for Neocortex , 1989, Neural Computation.