Kalyanmoy Deb,et al. Messy Genetic Algorithms: Motivation, Analysis, and First Results , 1989, Complex Syst..
 Kalyanmoy Deb,et al. Messy Genetic Algorithms Revisited: Studies in Mixed Size and Scale , 1990, Complex Syst..
 Georges R. Harik,et al. Finding Multimodal Solutions Using Restricted Tournament Selection , 1995, ICGA.
 D. Goldberg,et al. Compressed introns in a linkage learning genetic algorithm , 1998 .
 D. E. Goldberg,et al. An analysis of a reordering operator on a GA-hard problem , 1990, Biological Cybernetics.